The golden monkey is a species of Old World monkey found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, including four national parks: Mgahinga National Park south-western Uganda, Bwindi Impenetrable forest National Park, Volcanoes National Park north-western Rwanda, Kahuzi-Biéga National Park eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo near the western bank of Lake Kivu and the Rwandan border
This species of the “Old World monkey”, was previously thought to be a subspecies of the blue monkey and the two are similar overall, but the golden monkey has a golden-orange patch on the upper flanks and back.
Not much is known about the golden monkey’s behavior. It lives in social groups of up to 30 individuals normally dominated by the females and males tend to be few, it’s always rare to see an isolated family or a single Golden Monkey feeding alone. It’s diet consists mainly of bamboo, leaves and the ripening fruits, though it is also thought to eat insects, in most cases they are seen moving on the ground picking some small insects.
Due to the gradual destruction of their habitat and recent wars in their limited habitats of Africa, the golden monkey is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List and can be only seen in a few perimeter of the tropical rain forests of Africa to those enjoying tracking Golden Monkey
Due to this diet the golden monkey, prefers a habitat with abundant fruit and bamboo. The golden monkey will move in between areas depending on the season. During the fruit ripening seasons, they will remain in those areas. When the rainy season begins, this causes bamboo shooting to occur and the golden monkeys are found more in these areas. Studies have found that if there is an area consisting of mixed fruit and bamboo, the monkeys will tend to frequent that area more than an area of just bamboo. One study reported that golden monkeys are most frequently seen in forests with bamboo, and this may suggest that this is one of the major preferences of the species.